Lots of people hate their jobs. It can be demoralizing, stressful, and unhappy. Sometimes, illegal things happen, like you're paid late or people tell lewd and inappropriate jokes. Let's face it: the workplace can really stink.
I've posted before about how not everything that's wrong in the workplace is illegal, which means that there's not always reason to sue for everything that's wrong or unfair. But even when there is cause to sue, it's rarely a good idea.
It might seem odd that an employment attorney is trying to talk people out of suing. The fact is that a good attorney will try to help you preserve your employment relationship, if possible, because suing is such a poor alternative. A good attorney will encourage you to work things out if you can, because these days, you'd probably much rather have a job than a lawsuit.
Don't worry; I'll still have plenty of work.
1. The Time Commitment
I used to be able to tell people that, from the filing of a lawsuit until they got to a jury, it would take about a year to a year-and-a-half. I can't tell people that anymore. Unfortunately, state budgets have de-funded our court system to disastrous levels, and getting in front of a jury is a sketchy proposition. I've seen the time it takes go up now from about 1 1/2 - 2 years. And there's no sign it's going to get any better.
2. The Monetary Risk
I often represent people who have lost their jobs illegally. That means that they probably don't have a lot of money for a lawsuit. If I like their case enough, I'll advance the costs (which can be tens of thousands of dollars), and get it back at the end of the case. (No, the attorneys aren't the only ones who make money, the way you hear on the news. If I make money, so do my clients, and that's true of reputable lawyers.)
The fact that I'm advancing the costs of the lawsuit, though, doesn't mean that it's risk free for my clients. Did you know that, if you go to trial and lose, you will owe the defendants their costs (except in rare, specific circumstances)? Losing doesn't mean you get nothing. It means you actually owe money, which, like the amount of money I advanced, can be tens of thousands of dollars.
In rare cases, a losing plaintiff can owe attorney's fees, which can even be hundreds of thousands of dollars.
3. The Poor Return
People frequently have illegal things happen in the workplace short of being fired. Maybe they've been sexually harassed with lewd jokes, or they've been repeatedly paid late.
While these things are illegal, they may not justify a lawsuit. The law only compensates you for what you've lost. If you haven't lost any money, then you have nothing by way of what attorneys call "economic damages." And without economic damages, juries frequently don't want to allow money for emotional distress damages.
So in cases where illegal things are happening in the workplace, but you still have a job, it's often a better idea just to try to find something else, rather than suing.
4. Collecting can be Tough
When an employer doesn't pay on time, there's usually a reason, and the reason usually is that they don't have any money. If you win a judgment against a defendant, the court doesn't help you collect it. The money has to come from the defendant, and if there's no money to be had, suing becomes a useless exercise.
5. The Time and Energy Drain
There's nothing pleasant about a lawsuit. It's a stressful time, which demands energy and attention which could likely be directed better toward finding new employment. You spend your time filling out forms, answering detailed questions, and having former employers and doctors subpoenaed for their medical files as the employer looks for anything and everything they can to humiliate and discredit you.
I never encourage anyone to sue. The clients who do wind up in litigation are the ones who don't really have much choice about it. Perhaps their reputations have been ruined, or their situation is such that finding another job will be next to impossible. In these rare situations, it might make sense to exercise their legal rights. But as a matter of course: don't sue. Spend that time, energy and money looking for other ways to make your life better, in ways that litigation can't.